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India By State - Tripura - State Overview

State Overview

Economic Snapshot

Capital Agartala
Area (sq km) 10 492
Population (Census 2001, million) 3.2
Literacy Rate (%) 73.2
NSDP Growth (1999-2000 to 2007-08) 13 per cent CAGR
NSDP at current prices in 2007-08 US$ 2.3 billion
Annual Per Capita Income at current prices in 2007-08 US$ 713.3
National Highways Length (km) 400
Rail Length (km) 2435.1
Domestic Airports Agartala
Key Industries Natural Gas, Food Processing, Rubber, Tea, Bamboo, Handloom and Handicrafts, Sericulture, tourism, IT, Medicinal plants.
Industries with Growth Potential Tourism, Minerals and mining.

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Covering an area of 10,492 sq km, Tripura is a landlocked state in the Northeast. The state shares an 856 km long international border with Bangladesh, accounting for about 84 per cent of the total border of the state. To the East, are the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram.

Tripura has four administrative districts namely North Tripura, West Tripura, South Tripura and Dhalai. Agartala is the state capital and the state's largest city.

The other key towns in the state are Kailashahar, Udaipur, Khumulwng, Kamalpur, Ambassa, Khowaiand Sabroom. Tripura has the second-highest population density among the North-eastern states, next only to Assam; about 83 per cent of the state's population lives in rural areas.

The main rivers flowing through Tripura are Gomati, Manu, Khowai, Feni, Doloi, Muhuriand Haora





Population density (persons per sq km) 305
Total Population (million)* 3.2
Male Population (million) 1.6
Female Population (million) 1.6
Population growth rate 1991-2001 (%) 16.0
Sex ratio (females per 1,000 males) 948
Literacy Rate (%)* 73.2
Male (%) 81.0
Female (%) 64.9

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At current prices, the total Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Tripura was about US$ 2.4 billion in 2006-07. The state's GDP grew at a CAGR of 12.9 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2007-08.

The Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) of Tripura was about US$ 2.3 billion in 2006-07. Tripura's NSDP grew at a CAGR of 13.0 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2006-07. In 2006-07, the tertiary sector contributed 64.9 per cent to the state's GSDP, followed by the primary sector (29.9 per cent).

The secondary sector's share in GSDP was 5.2 per cent in 2006-07 vis--vis 2.4 per cent in 1999-2000; the growth being driven by registered and un-registered manufacturing.

The secondary sector registered the highest growth rate of 22.6 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2006-07. This was followed by the mining and quarrying that registered a growth rate of 15.3 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2006-07.

In 2006-07, the state's per capita was US$ 713.3. Per capita GSDP increased at a CAGR of 11.7 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2006-07.


Physical Infrastructure


Tripura has a total road length of 15,539 km covering both, metalled and non-metalled surfaces.

The major towns in the state are connected by National Highways that run through the state for about 400 km. NH-44 links Tripura with the rest of the Northeast.

The Tripura Road Transport Corporation (TRTC) provides state road transport services. TRTC operates 81 buses on 32 routes.

Airport & Railway

Tripura has a domestic airport at Agartala, known as the Singerbhil Airport. The airport is administered by the Airports Authority of India and located 12 km southeast of Agartala city.

The Singerbhil airport is the second-biggest and busiest airport in the Northeast. Domestic airlines operating from this airport are Jet Airways, Indian and Air India, Kingfisher, Paramount Airways and Indigo Airlines with regular flights to destinations such as Guwahati, Kolkata, Silchar, Imphal, Delhi and Chennai.

The major railway stations are located at Agartala, Dharmanagarand Kumarghat. A 119 km railway line is being constructed between Kumarghat and Agartalaat a cost of US$ 191.3 million.

A 14 km metre-gauge railway line has been proposed between Akhaura (Bangladesh) and Agartala (Tripura). In addition, there is a proposed railway-link to be developed between Agartala and Sabroom, covering 110 km and expected to be complete by 2012.


As of March 2009, Tripura had a total installed power generation capacity of 148.4 MW, which comprised 132.4 MW of thermal energy and 16 MW of renewable energy.

Incorporated in 2004, the Tripura State Electricity Corporation Limited is responsible for generation, transmission and distribution of power in the state.

There are two ongoing power projects in Tripura: a 104 MW gas-based power project at Monarchak, which is being executed by the North Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO) and is expected to be complete by 2011; and a 750 MW gas-based power project at Palatana, being set up by ONGC-Tripura Power Company (OTPC) Private Limited.


As of March 2009, the state had 88 telephone exchanges with 84,207 working connections. The state had 32,361 wireless local loop (WLL) connections with 38 WLL exchanges as of March 2009.

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Urban Infrastructure

Under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), one project costing US$ 17 million has been sanctioned for Agartala. The project is for water supply in the north zone of the city.

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has initiated a number of projects in Tripura in the areas of water supply, sewerage and sanitation at a cost of US$ 87 billion. Programmed activities for solid-waste management system in Agartalaare expected to be complete by 2013. Programmed activities for Agartalain the water supply, sewerage and sanitation sectors are scheduled for completion by 2014.

Under a Central Government project, 1,458 households would be connected to the sewerage systems by March 2010.


Social Infrastructure


According to the Census 2001, the literacy rate of the state was 73.2 per cent. The male literacy rate was 81 per cent and the female literacy rate was 64.9 per cent.

As of March 2009, the state had 2,378 primary schools, 1,139 middle schools, 459 high schools and 311 higher-secondary schools.

Tripura has three universities, 15 general colleges, two engineering colleges, two medical colleges, an agricultural college, a law college, seven industrial training institutes and two polytechnic institutes.

The State Government is taking several initiatives to encourage setting up of various educational complexes.

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Educational infrastructure

Universities 3
General colleges 15
Engineering colleges 2
Medical colleges 2
Agricultural college 1
Law college 1
Industrial training institutes (ITI) 7
Polytechnic institutes 2


Health Infrastructure

As of March 2009, Tripura had 19 hospitals, 88 primary health centres and 707 sub-centres.

The state has an online booking system called "Swasthya Sanchar" through which health services offered at the government hospitals can be booked in advance through Internet. The availability status along with different management information system (MIS) reports is also available through this system.

Health Infrastructure

Hospitals 19
Primary health centres 88
Dispensaries/sub-centres 707
Hospital beds 2,875
Blood banks 6
Allopathic doctors 727
Homeopathic doctors 59
Ayurvedic doctors 54

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Industrial Infrastructure

The Bodhjungnagar Industrial Complex has come up adjacent to Agartala (about 12 km from Agartala) on about 550 acres of land with all infrastructure facilities such as road, power, water, piped natural gas, etc. The land has been allotted to industrial units and almost 80 per cent of the units have started functioning.

Two integrated infrastructure development centres are being established in Tripura for which the site selection process is underway. The centres are coming up in the districts of South Tripura and Dhalai.

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More Information on Tripura

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