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India By State - Nagaland - State Overview

State Overview

Economic Snapshot

Capital Kohima
Area (sq km) 16 579
Population (Census 2001, million) 1.9
Literacy Rate (%) 67.1
NSDP Growth (1999-2000 to 2007-08) 12.3 per cent CAGR
NSDP at current prices in 2007-08 US$ 1.18 billion
Annual Per Capita Income at current prices in 2007-08 US$ 512.8
National Highways Length (km) 248
Domestic Airports Dimapur
Key Industries Bamboo, Agriculture and allied industries, Horticulture, Sericulture, Minerals and Mining, Sericulture, Handloom and Handicrafts, Tourism.
Industries with Growth Potential Tourism, Minerals and mining.

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Covering an area of 16,579 sq km, Nagaland borders the Northeastern states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, and Myanmar.

Kohima is the state capital. Dimapur, Mokokchung, Tuensang, Wokha, Mon and Zunheboto are the other key cities in the state. Nagaland has 11 administrative districts.

Nagaland has four rivers flowing through it, the Doyang and the Dhipu in the North, the Barak in the Southwest and the Chindwin in the Southeast. Nagaland has four soil types -inceptisols(66 per cent), ultisols(23.8 per cent), entisols(7.3 per cent) and alfisols(2.9 per cent); the major crops are paddy, maize, millet, gram, rubber and tea.




Population density (persons per sq km) 120
Total Population (million) 1.9
Male Population (million) 1.0
Female Population (million) 0.9
Population growth rate 1991-2001 (%) 64.4
Sex ratio (females per 1,000 males) 909
Literacy Rate (per cent) 67.1
Male (%) 71.7
Female (%) 61.9
Average life expectancy (years)* 73.4

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At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Nagaland was about US$ 1.27 billion in 2005-06. Nagaland's GSDP grew at a CAGR of 12 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2005-06.

At current prices, the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) of Nagaland was about US$ 1.18 billion in 2005-06. Nagaland's NSDP grew at a CAGR of 12.3 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2005-06.

The tertiary sector is the largest contributor to Nagaland's economy (60.8 per cent in 2005-06), followed by the primary sector (37.4 per cent). The tertiary sector grew at a CAGR of 10.6 per cent from 1999-2000 to 2005-06, driven by trade, real estate, transport and telecommunications.

The primary sector has been the fastest growing, at a CAGR of 15.5 per cent from 1999-2000 to 2005-06.It was driven by agriculture and mining. The secondary sector has been steadily growing at a CAGR of 9.4 per cent, owing to the state's industrialisation.

The state's per capita GSDP in 2005-06 was US$ 512.8. Per capita GSDP increased at a CAGR of 6.6 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2005-06. Trade, transportation, communication and agriculture have been the key drivers of the growth in per capita GSDP


Physical Infrastructure

Road, Railway and Airway

Nagaland has a total road length of 13,371.5 km with a road density of 80 km per 100 sq km.

The state is well connected with Assam, Nagaland and Manipur through National Highway (NH) -61, NH-39, NH-36, NH-150 and NH-153.

Agencies maintaining roads in the state include the Public Works Department (PWD) and Pushpak (A Border Roads Organisation of the Government of India). Nagaland State Transport provides road transport across Nagaland, covering 112 routes and 21,300 km, daily.

The railway station at Dimapur connects Nagaland to Assam. Nagaland has one operational airport at Dimapur. Daily air connectivity is available through multiple air-carriers. A second airport is being planned for Kohima.


As of March 2009, Nagaland had a total installed power generation capacity of 30.7 MW -all owned by the state.

The capacity comprised about 2 MW of diesel power plants and 28.7 MW of hydro-power plants. The per capita power consumption was 125 kWh in 2006.


Nagaland had 38,597 wire-line phone connections, as of 2002. The service is provided through the Northeast circle of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL).

Broadband service in the state is provided by Sify, BSNL, Reliance, Tata Indicom and Airtel. There are 328 post offices in the state apart from private parcel and postal services.

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Urban Infrastructure

About 35 per cent of the cities in the state are covered by municipal water supply. Protected water supply is available in 1,304 out of 1,376 villages. Solid waste segregation and disposal is diligently being adhered to across the state.

Under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), US$ 17.2 million has been allocated for roads transport development in Kohima. The city development plan of Kohimacity has been approved by the Central Government and development works are underway at a cost of US$ 421.5 million. Under the Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP) of the Government of India, infrastructure development plans are being developed for all district headquarters.

Infrastructure development of Kohimatown is underway with a funding of US$ 63.1 million from the Asian Development Bank. It is to be implemented during the period 2008-2017 and will cover projects such as water supply, sewerage, solid waste management, drainage and landslip protection, transportation, slum and community up-gradation.

US$ 2.1 million has been earmarked for the development of 71 towns under the "Development of Small and Medium Towns" programme of the Government of India.

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Social Infrastructure


As per census 2001, Nagaland has a literacy rate of 67.1 per cent. The male literacy rate is 71.1 per cent and female literacy rate stands at 61.9 per cent. The Nagaland University (NGU) offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral degrees in science, humanities, education, social science, technology and management.

Educational Indicators

University 1
Colleges( affiliatedt o NGU) 48
Polytechnics and ITI training institutes 2
Higher secondary schools 64
High schools 350
Middle schools 488
Primary schools 1,518

Health Infrastructure

There are 579 hospitals with 2,516 beds under the Directorate of Health Services. Nagaland has a high life expectancy at birth, of 73.4 years as compared to the national average of 60.7 years, indicating a better quality of life and good availability of medical services.

Community participation in healthcare services has led to better maintenance and up-gradation of medical infrastructure in the state.

Health Indicators

Beds per lakh population 127
Birth rate (per 1000 persons) 17.4
Death rate (per 1000 persons) 6.9
Infant Mortality rate (per thousand live births) 42.1

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Industrial Infrastructure

Nagaland Industrial Development Corporation (NIDC) is responsible for the development of industrial infrastructure in the state, with eight district industrial centres as its branches.

Dimapur has been identified as the industrial growth centre (IGC) of Nagaland and two industrial estates have been developed there. Promoted by NIDC, the Export Promotion Industrial Park (EPIP) at Dimapur is being converted into a special economic zone (SEZ). The EPIP is for processing of agricultural products, other foods, bamboo-shoots, cement and steel

Kiruphe main Kohima has been identified for development as an integrated infrastructure development centre (IIDC). The Longnak valley in the Mokochung district is being considered for similar development.

Urban haats are being set up in Dimapur a and IIDC (Kiruphema), which will provide market outlets for various trades. The state has entered into tie-ups with the National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) to patent and promote the handloom and handicrafts of Nagaland.

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More Information on Nagaland

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