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India By State - Mizoram - State Overview

State Overview

Economic Snapshot

Capital Aizawl
Area (sq km) 21 081
Population (2001) 0.87 million
Literacy rate (%) 88.8
Per capita income (US$) 739.5
National highways length (km) 328
Domestic airport Lengpui
Key industries Bamboo, Sericulture, Agriculture and Horticulture, Tourism, Food Processing, Khadi and Handloom, Minerals and Stones



Covering an area of 21,081 sq km, Mizoram is a green and hilly state at an average altitude of 1,000 m in the Northeast of India. Mizoram has eight administrative districts. It shares borders with other Northeastern states of Manipur and Tripura, and international borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar.

The major rivers flowing through Mizoram are Chhimtuipui, Tlawng, Tut, Tuirial, and Tuiwval, the major lakes are Palakdil, Tamdil, Rungdil, and Rengdil. Mizoram has primarily sand-loamy and clay-loamy soil with deposits of shell limestone, coloured hard stone, clay mineral, coal seam and some oil and gas. Aizawl is the state capital. Kolasib, Vairengte, Bairabi, Saiha, Champai and Sairang are the other key cities in the state.

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Population density (persons per sq km) 42
Total population (million) 0.87
Male population (million) 0.45
Female population (million) 0.42
Population growth rate 1991-2001 (%) 28.8
Sex ratio (females per 1,000 males) 935
Literacy rate (%) 88.8
Male (%) 90.7
Female (%) 86.7



At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Mizoram was about US$ 796.2 million in 2008-09. Mizoram's GSDP grew at a CAGR of 10 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2008-09.

At current prices, the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) of Mizoram was about US$ 692.3 million in 2008-09. Mizoram's NSDP grew at a CAGR of 9.5 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2008-09.

At a nine-year CAGR of 7.9 per cent, the secondary sector is the fastest growing among all sectors, driven by manufacturing and electricity. The tertiary sector, the largest contributor to Mizoram's economy, has grown at a rate of 5.8 per cent per annum during 1999-2000 and 2008-09, driven by trade, hotels, real estate, transport and communications.

The primary sector's share in the GSDP shows growth of one per cent per annum during 1999-2000 to 2008-09. In 2008-09, the state's per capita GSDP was US$ 739.5.

Per capita GSDP increased by a CAGR of 6.5 per cent between 1999-2000 and 2008-09. Aizawl, Kolasib, Champai and Lungei are the most economically developed districts in the state with trade, tourism, communications and agriculture are the key drivers of the increase in per capita GSDP

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Physical Infrastructure

Road, Railway and Airway

Mizoram has a total road length of 7,591.9 km with a road density of 36 km per100 sq km. The state is well connected through National Highways (NH) -54, NH-150 and NH-40A to Assam, Manipur and Tripura respectively.

The key agencies that maintain roads in the state include the Public Works Department (PWD) and Pushpak (Border Roads Organisation). The Mizoram State Transport covers 22 routes of 3,806 km providing connectivity across the state.

The Barabi railway station provides railway connectivity with Silchar in Assam. Mizoram has one operational airport at Lengpui. Daily air connectivity is available through multiple air carriers. Mizoram is developing waterway connectivity with the port of Akyab Sittwe in Myanmar along the Chhimtuipui river for enhancing trade opportunities.

Power and Telecommunications

Mizoram had a total power consumption of 268.22 MW in 2008-09. More than 80 per cent of the consumed power was imported from neighbouring states and the central grid.

Mizoram had 285,272 mobile connections as of October 2008 and the consumer base has been increasing rapidly. There were 55,222 landline phones connections in Mizoram as of March 2006.

The landline phone connection is provided by the Northeast circle of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL). Broadband service is provided by Sify, BSNL, Reliance Communications, Tata Indicom and Bharti Airtel. There are 405 post offices in the state apart from private parcel and postal services.

Urban Infrastructure

Water supply is available in all major cities and towns through a piped system. Integrated sewerage and drainage system is not available in all cities of Mizoram. City development plans are underway for construction of the same in the major cities and district headquarters of Mizoram.

Under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), US$ 3.72 million has been allocated for the development of water supply system in Greater Aizawl.

The city development plan (CDP) of Aizawl city has been approved by the Central Government and development works have commenced. Under the Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP), tenders have been floated for development of six district headquarters.

The Housing and Urban Development Corporation Limited has been appointed as consultants to prepare detailed project report (DPR) to provide services to the poor in Aizawl under the IHSDP programme.

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Social Infrastructure


Mizoram is among the top ranking states in the country in terms of literacy rate. It has a high literacy rate of 88.8 per cent. As of Census 2001, the literacy rate among male was 90.7 per cent and literacy rate among female was 86.7 per cent.

The average teacher-pupil ratio in the schools was 13:1.

The Mizoram University in Aizawl offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral degree in Arts and Science streams.

University 1
Colleges 22
Polytechnics and ITI institutes 15
Higher secondary schools 82
High schools 508
Middle schools 1,090
Primary schools 1,752

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Health Infrastructure

There are 443 hospitals with 1,792 beds in Mizoram under the Directorate of Health Services. Mizoram has nine private hospitals with total bed strength of 763.

Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MDoNER) has approved US$9.2 million towards the construction of state-referral hospital; the construction work is 96 per cent complete.

The State Government has initiated Vanaspati Van project to enhance availability of herbal medicines to the rural population.

Health infrastructure

Primary health centres: 57
PHC sub-centres: 366
Community health centres: 9
District hospitals: 10
Non-government hospitals: 9
Doctor-population ratio: 2,623
Nurse-population ratio: 666
Health worker-population ratio: 1,167

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Industrial Infrastructure

Mizoram has two industrial estates at Zuagtui and Kolasib.

The Government has acquired 127 acres of land in Khawnuam for development of the Indo-Myanmar border trade township.

A border trade centre has been established for trade with Bangladesh. Construction-stones and bamboo are being traded in the centre. Mizoram Agriculture Marketing Corporation, Mizoram Food and Allied Industries Corporation, Mizoram Khadi and Village Industries Board, Zoram Energy Development Agency, Zoram Handloom & Handicrafts Development Corporation, and Zoram Industrial Development Corporation are various state enterprises that help develop the respective trades.

The number of cooperatives in the state have shown declining trend while private ownership of businesses is increasing.

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More Information on Mizoram

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