The natural resources, policy incentives and infrastructure in the state favour investments in the tourism, hydroelectric power, manufacturing and mining sectors.
Agriculture and related industry, contributes 21 per cent to the state's GSDP and employs more than 70 per cent of the population.
The state government has indentified Mineral, horticulture, electronics, IT, export oriented units and tourism as the thrust sectors for industrial development.
The Industries Department of Meghalaya and its constituent unit, Meghalaya Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC), are jointly responsible for over seeing the development of industrial infrastructure in the state.
Meghalaya has large potential for agricultural development, currently 9 per cent of the state is under cultivation with potentially 20.1% of land still available. The state saw a growth of 1.4% in agricultural income.
Citrus fruits, pineapple, banana, papaya, plum, peach and apricot are the major fruits grown in Meghalaya. Turmeric, ginger, black pepper, bay leaves are the major spices cultivated in the state; the state is also experimenting with tea cultivation in select areas.
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The industry is at the grass root levels but has the potential to be developed and promoted for export oriented business. The state is home to
Decorative plants such as dahlia, canna, gladiolus, begonia, tropaeolum, aster, polargonium, antirrhinum, crinum, celosia, kniphofia, impatiens, chrysanthemum, petunias, pansy, calendula, sweet peas and salvia are found in abundance in the state.
Medicinal plants and Bamboo
Meghalaya is home to 834 of the 6000 medicinal plants available in India and so the sector has been identified as one of the priority sectors for investment by the state. Of the 834 medicinal plants available 120 species have been identified for commercial production.
Meghalaya is one of the largest producers of bamboo in the country and so there is immense potential for the development of bamboo enterprises from the large bamboo reserves and forest cultivations.
Agriculture, horticulture and food processing
Due to the favourable agro-climatic conditions present in the state the agricultural and horticultural industries offer potential for investment.
The state is famous for its turmeric; it is considered one of the world's best as it contains 7.5% curcumine.
The state government is calling for investment in the power industry through PPP mode and independent power producers (IPP), the state currently produces 187 MW of power out of a potential of 3000 MW. There is immense opportunity for investment in the sector.
Meghalaya is an attractive tourist location, the presence of flora, fauna, thick forests, ancient forest grooves, large rivers and grass fields make it a popular tourist destination among both domestic and international tourist. The number of foreign tourist visiting the state increased by 24% between 2006 and 2007, in the same time the number of domestic tourist increased by 14%. The government has called upon investment for the construction and/or development of tourist complexes and services.
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The IT sector is one with large amount of potential. With a high literacy rate, affordable costs, substantial English-speaking population, improved telecommunication connectivity and favourable climate the IT industry should in theory flourish in the state.
The IT policy provides various concessions and incentives to encourage investment in the sector.
The state produced over 295 million tonnes of eri, 269.1 million tonnes of muga and 19.9 million tonnes of mulberry cocoon in 2005-06. The industry has remained predominantly a cottage industry and the government is taking proactive steps in training the people, reaching out to the market and providing technical support.
Handloom and Handicrafts
The state has a well established tradition and industry of high-quality weaving, with more than 25 000 house holds engaged in handloom weaving.
The industry is being developed by the Meghalaya government with the support of the National Institute of Design and National Institute of Fashion technology. There are already eight production centres, 32 demonstration-cum-production centres, 10 weaving training centres and a state-level handloom training institute in the state.
Minerals and Mining
The state has an abundance of rich mineral resource of 640 million tonnes of coal, 5000 million tonnes of limestone, six million tonnes of fire clay, 90 million tonnes of lithographic clay, 4.5 million tonnes of china clay, 5 million tonnes of phosphate rocks, 0.045 million tonnes of sillimanite, 25 million cubic metres of granite, and substantial reserves of quartz, feldspar, gypsum and uranium making the state an incredibly attractive place to invest for companies involved with minerals.
Leather and allied industries
The states main export destination is Bangladesh with over 57 million tonnes of raw hides being exported in 2006-07. Surprisingly if though leather is one of the most widely used materials in the state the industry is not well developed and provides significant opportunity for development.
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In 2005-06 the states exported goods and services were worth US$47.7 million, accounting for 48% of the total exports from the Northeast region.
An export promotion industrial park (EPIP) has been set up in Brynihat over an area of 250 acres to promote exports.
Electronics and Computer Software
Value (US $ million)
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More Information on Meghalaya
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