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State Overview

Items

Year

Unit

Statistics

(A) Geographical Data

Latitude 1999 32.17N &36.5N
Longitude 1999 37.26E & 80.20 E
Geographical Area 1999 Sq. Km. 22,22,236

(B) Meteorological Data

Annual Rainfall
(i) Leh
1999 mm. 92.6
Annual Rainfall
(ii) Srinager
1999 mm. 650.5
Annual Rainfall
(iii) Jammu
1999 mm. 1115.9

(C) Administrative Units

Capital 1999 Srinagar (May-Oct);
Jammu (Nov-Apr)
Districts 1999 No. 14
Villages
(i) Inhabited
1999 No. 6471
Villages
(ii) Uninhabited
1999 No. 281

(D) Economic Data

Per Capita Income 2007-08 US$ 706

(E) Demographic Data

Literacy Rate 2001 Percent 54.5
(i) Male 2001 Percent 65.8
(ii) Female 2001 Percent 41.8

(F) Roadways

Roadways 2000 Km. 12682

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Geography

Jammu and Kashmir, with a total land area of 2, 22,236 sq km, constitutes the northern most extremity of India. It shares a border with Himachal Pradesh to the south, Pakistan to the west, People's Republic of China to the north and east, and Afghanistan to the north-west. It is situated between 32 degree 15' to 37 degree 05' North Latitude and 72 degree 35' to 83 degree 20' East Longitude. It consists of three district regions, namely, Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. Srinagar is its summer capital, and Jammu its winter capital. Geographically, the State has been divided into four zones, namely, the mountainous and semi mountainous plain commonly known as Kandi belt; hills including Shivalik ranges; mountains of Kashmir Valley and Pir Panchal range; and Tibetan tract of Ladakh and Kargil.

The state is bestowed with natural glamour of snow-clad mountains, lakes, streams and rare flora and fauna and holds a prospering tourism sector. Famous for some small-scale and cottage industries including carpet weaving, silks, and copper and silverware, the state's economy is mainly dependent on farming and animal husbandry. Also, the state has concentration of a good mineral base and significant power potential.

 

Population

Population Demographics

  • Population: 10.07 million
  • Density: 99 per sq. km.
  • Urban Population: 24.88%
  • Literacy Rate: 54.46%
  • Male Literacy: 65.75%
  • Female Literacy: 41.82%
  • Sex Ratio: 900 females to 1000 males
  • Decadal Growth Rate: 31.42
  • Religion(s): 66.97 Muslim, 29.63% Hindu, 2.03 Sikh, 1.36% Buddhist/Other

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Economy

The State of Jammu & Kashmir (J & K) has made great strides in economic development. The GDP of the state grew at a CAGR of 11.3 percent between 1999-00 and 2007-08 to reach US$ 7.9 billion. With a contribution of US$ 675.6 million, Agriculture was the highest sharer of GSDP of the state among all sub-sectors during 2005-06. The secondary sector saw the largest growth, 13.9 % at CAGR between 1999-00 and 200-08.

The per capita income of households within Jammu Kashmir is significantly better in comparison to household income within other States, and has only continued to improve. According to the estimates done by Indicus Analytics, the per capita income in urban areas was $706 and in rural areas it was $467, as against the all-India average of $573.1.

Jammu & Kashmir has also witnessed a significant increase in investment in the manufacturing sector. Outstanding investments within the State totaled US $6.9 billion as of December 2008, and 40 percent of this investment is currently under implementation. The majority of these investments are directed more specifically towards power related projects within the State.

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Physical Infrastructure

Roads

The state has 823 km of national highways, 688 km of state highways; 7,671 km of major district roads and 3,372 km of village roads. The total road length in the state has reached 15,012 km. Road density is 35 km/100 sq km. During March 2007, widening of the existing two-lane road in the Pathankot - Srinagar section of National Highways-1A to four lane configuration was approved under National Highway Development Project (NHDP).

Airport

The major international airport is located in Srinagar. The other domestic airports are located in Jammu and Leh Being.

Railways

The state is linked with the country's rail network up to Udhampur district. Work on connectivity between Srinagar and Baramullah is going on.

The state had 138 route km of rail length as of March 2006, passing through Udhampur, Jammu Tawi and Kathua. Udhampur-Katra and Quazigund-Baramullah Rail link project has been taken up as national project is likely to be completed by end 2008-early 2009.

Power

Jammu & Kashmir has immense potential for hydro power. The total installed capacity in the state stands at 537.76MW, most of it produced by hydro power projects and gas turbine.

The industrial units are allowed to install their own captive power generation plants in the state and such units are excluded from paying electricity duty.

Telecommunication

The J&K Telecom Circle is the main service provider which provides Basic Telephony and Value Added Services. The state has 373 telephone exchanges: 416,904 landline equipped capacity; 281,615 landline telephone subscribers; 4.2 million cellular mobile subscribers (Both prepaid and post-paid) and 19 538 internet connections.

The state has two Special Economic Zones (SEZs), in Jammu and in Kashmir Province with a view to promote exports of the state. There is an Integrated Infrastructure Development Project at Udhampur, an industrial area at Kathua, one Electronic Complex at Rangreth, Srinagar, three industrial complexes at Bari Brahmana, Pulwama and Khonmoh and three industrial estates at Gangyal, Jammu and Zainakote and Zakura at Srinagar.

  • Two Agri-processing zones-one for walnuts and another for apples in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Further, locations have been identified for two food parks, two export promotion industrial parks and one industrial estate
  • Two industrial growth centres at Samba & Badgam and one Export Promotion
  • Industrial Park at Kartholi, Jammu are also being developed
  • There are major proposals for setting up of Software Technological Park, at Srinagar, Textile City at Kathua, besides Integrated Leather Complex, Food Processing Park and Gem Park at Srinagar/Jammu.

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Social Infrastructure

Health and medical

Health Indicators

Jammu and Kashmir

All India

Birth Rate* 18.9 24.8
Death Rate* 5.5 8.1
Infant Mortality Rate** 50 63
Life expectancy at birth-Male 59.7 64.1
Life expectancy at birth-Female 59.0 65.4

*Per thousand persons
**Per thousand live birthss

There are 4 medical colleges, 117 hospitals, 374 Primary Health Centers, 3326 Medical Sub Centers and total bed strength of more than 10,000 in the State.

Education

The education is on of the top priority for the Government. Indeed, a provision of free education for children coming from families below the poverty line has also been made to facilitate education at the primary level among the poor.

Jammu & Kashmir has 274 Higher Secondary Schools: 1,237 Secondary Schools; 10,860 Primary Schools; 3 Universities; 2 Engineering Colleges; 4 Polytechnics and 4 Medical Colleges.

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Industrial Infrastructure

Industrial Infrastructure is being built. Two special economic zones (SEZs), one each in Jammu and Kashmir provinces

  • Integrated Infrastructure Development Project at Udhampur, an industrial area at Kathua
  • Electronic Complex at Rangreth, Srinagar
  • Three industrial complexes at Bari Brahmana, Pulwama and Khonmoh
  • Three industrial estates at Gangyal, Jammu, and Zainakote and Zakura at Srinagar
  • Two agri-processing zones-one for walnuts and another for apples in Jammu and Kashmir
  • Further, locations have been identified for two food parks, two export promotion industrial parks and one industrial estate
  • Two industrial growth centres at Samba & Badgam and one Export Promotion Industrial Park at Kartholi, Jammu, are also being developed
  • There are major proposals for setting up of Software Technological Park, at Srinagar, Textile City at Kathua, besides Integrated
  • Leather Complex, Food Processing Park and Gem Park at Srinagar/Jammu

The main keys of the Industry in Jammu and Kashmir are:

  • Horticulture
  • Floriculture
  • Handlooms & Handicrafts
  • Tourism
  • Mineral based industry
  • Gems & Jewellery
  • Sericulture
  • Information Technology

Important industrial areas

  • Industrial Complex, Bari Brahmana, Jammu
  • Industrial Estate, Gangyal, Jammu
  • Industrial Growth Centre, Samba, Jammu
  • Integrated Infrastructure Development Project, Udhampur
  • Export Promotion Industrial Park, Kartholi, Jammu
  • Industrial Area, Kathua
  • Electronic Complex, Rangreth, Srinagar
  • Industrial Complex Lassipora, Pulwama, Kashmir
  • Industrial Complex, Khonmoh, Srinagar
  • Industrial Estate, Zainakote, Srinagar
  • Industrial Estate, Zakura, Srinagar
  • Industrial Growth Centre, Ompora, Budgam

Industrial Growth Centre, Samba

  • a) Area to be developed 6700 canals
  • b) Project cost approx. US$ 6.2 million
  • c) Allotable area becoming available 4690 canals
  • d) Area under development 1883 canals
  • e) Area available for allotment 900 canals
  • f) Employment opportunity to be generated 10000 persons
  • g) Turn-over expected US$ 103 to 124 million
  • h) Investment to be mobilised US$ 72.3 million

Industrial Growth Centre, Ompora / Lassipora

  • a) Area to be developed 6500 canals
  • b) Project cost US$ 8.3 million
  • c) Allotable or becoming available 4550 canals
  • d) Employment opportunity to be generated 9500 persons
  • e) Turn-over expected approx. US$ 103 million
  • f) Investment to be mobilised approx US$ 62 million

Industrial cluster development

The state government plans to set up industrial cluster development centres at Sangam and Bagh-i-Ali Mardan Khan in Kashmir and Kathua in Jammu. The cluster spread over 15 sq. km. will focus on developing infrastructure for the sports industry.

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