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India By State - Chhattisgarh - State Overview

State Overview

Economic Snapshot

Capital Raipur
Area (sq km) 135,191
Population (2001) 20,833,803
Literacy Rate (%) 64.7
NSDP (US$ billion) 15.3
NSDP growth (%) (10 years) 13
Per Capita Income (US$) 737
National highways length (km) 2184
Rail length (km) 1,180
Domestic airport Raipur
Key industries Cement
Iron & Steel
Industries with growth potential Power


Chhattisgarh is a state in central India, with Raipur as the state capital. The state gained statehood on November 1, 2000 after it got divided from Madhya Pradesh. It is the 10th largest state of India by area. Chhattisgarh takes its name from 36 princely states in this region. Chhattisgarh is bordered by Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh in the north, Andhra Pradesh in the south, Orissa in the east and Madhya Pradesh in the west. Chhattisgarh has a population density of 154 persons per square kilometre, the highest concentration being in the areas of Raipur and Drug.

About 44% of the state's area is under forest cover. It is rich in biodiversity of flora and fauna. The Green State of Chhattisgarh has the densest forests in India, rich wildlife, and above all, over 200 non-timber forest products, with tremendous potential for value addition.

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The Chhattisgarh population constitutes of 20.80 million as per the census of 2001 and makes up for 2.03% of the total population of the country, ranking number 17 among all the states. The newly formed state of Chhattisgarh is densely populated with one hundred and fifty four persons per square kilometre. The four important districts of Raipur, Durg, Surguja and Bilaspur support maximum population of the state.

The rural areas of Chhattisgarh are more populated than the urban areas. However in the recent years, most of the population of rural Chhattisgarh migrated to the urban areas in search of better jobs and higher standards of living.

Population Demographics

  • Population: 20.80 million
  • Density: 154 per sq. km
  • Urban Population: 20.08%
  • Literacy Rate: 65.18%
  • Male Literacy: 77.86%
  • Female Literacy: 52.40%
  • Sex Ratio: 990 females per 1000 males.
  • Decadal Growth Rate: Lower than the National Average (exact figure unknown)


Since the day of its formation in 2000, Chhattisgarh has been working on to achieve a steady and stable economic growth. The state economy is entirely dependent on the most basic primary sector, such as agriculture and allied activities.

Agriculture provides about 80 % of the livelihood of the rural population. However, the tertiary sector 37% to the state economy. The growth in agricultural sector and manufacturing sector were recorded to be 24.61% and 18.85% in 2005-06. Recently power, mining, handloom, coal, has also been adding to the state economy.

In recent years, there has been an improvement in the standard of living and quality of life of the people of the state of Chhattisgarh. There is an increase in income levels of people. This indicates the strong growth in the state economy. Net per capita income between 1999-2000 and 2008-09 grew by 10.8 per cent at current prices, touching USD 737.1.

Between 1999-2000 and 2007-08, the state's NSDP increased from US$ 5.12 billion to US$ 15.3 billion at a compounded annual growth rate of 12.97 per cent.

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Physical Infrastructure


The state has two domestic airports; the airport at Raipur is in operation, while the Bilaspur airport is not in operation. Chhattisgarh also has seven air strips located at Bhilai, Korba, Raigarh, Jagdalpur, Ambikapur, JashpurNagar and Sarangarh. The Raipur airport is to be expanded with an investment of up to US$ 30 million

By Rail

Chhattisgarh's railways sector falls under the jurisdiction of the South East Central Railways. It is well connected to the rest of the country via the railways. Raipur and Bilaspur are the two major railway stations.

The significant mining and industrial activity in the state was a major reason behind the setting up of the South East Central Railways in1998. It is headquartered in Bilaspur.

By Road

The three National Highways of Chhattisgarh, together, constitute 2,184 km of roads in the state. The State Highways and district roads account for another 8,008 km. The state has a road density of 26.2 km per 100 km.

The Central Government has allocated US$ 14.6 million for the development of National Highways in Chhattisgarh. Nearly US$ 6 million was allocated for their maintenance in 2008-09.


Chhattisgarh is known as a Power Surplus State (total installed capacity has increased from 1360.2 MW in 2000 to 1410.85 MW in 2005-06; a growth of 50.65 MW).

The gross total power capacity of the State, including central sector's share (283.5 MW), is 3214.2 MW. Thermal power generation accounts for over 90% of Chhattisgarh's power capacity. Korba West power Station has a generation capacity of 840 MW-the highest in the State.

% Electricity Consumption Pattern 2004-2005

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Urban Infrastructure

In India, most of people live in urban areas. The rate of urbanization is 17.4% (India 29%). The Government wants to plan Raipur in a modern capital city. Chhattisgarh plans to renew the urban infrastructure in the State by undertaking initiatives in the areas such as water supply and sanitation, solid waste management, roads, bridges, housing, commercial complexes, fire fighting service, street lighting, etc.


Industrial Infrastructure

Chhattisgarh, endowed with abundant natural resources, is a 21st century state. The state contains rich forests and minor forest produce having more than 88 species of medicinal plants and is a store house of huge mineral deposits, including precious minerals. Due to easy availability of these resources, it has immense potential for industrial development.

The 5 Industrial Growth Centres in the State are located at Urla (815 hectares), Siltara (1290 hectares) in Raipur district, Sirgitti (431hectares), and Anjani (48 acres) in Bilaspur district and at Borai (437 hectares) in Durg district.

The State Government has decided to set up four 'Star Industrial Areas' on 6,836 hectares in the districts of Bilaspur, Raigarh, Rajnandgaon and Raipur to meet the increasing demand of land for new industrial units.

The State Government is also focusing on the development of Industrial Parks/Clusters to support the growth of special thrust industry sectors such as Food processing, Gems and Jewellery, Metals, Apparels, and Pharmaceuticals.

A Metal Park (Export Promotion Industrial Park) is being set up in Rawabhata near Raipur to promote export of metal products from the State. It is the endeavour of the State Government to work towards rapid economic growth with regional balance so as to take the state to the category of "developed states". To bring about prosperity to the people of Chhattisgarh, it is necessary that the present rate of industrial growth increases substantially. Therefore, creation of a favourable investment environment for increasing industrial production and creating employment opportunities is one of the priority areas of the State Government.

Social Infrastructure


The state of Chhattisgarh has over 81,658 students study in the 139 Government Colleges in the State. In 2005, 5.37 million students benefited from the 53,096 institutions providing primary and secondary education in Chhattisgarh. There are 15 Engineering Colleges, 10 Polytechnic Institutes, 8 Private Pharmacy Colleges and 2 Medical Colleges in the state.

Health Infrastructure

The state has over 717 Primary Health Centres and 4792 Sub-Health Centres in the State. All the districts in Chhattisgarh have STD clinics and 12 districts in the State have Blood Bank facility.

Chhattisgarh is one of the youngest states because it was constituted in 2000. So, since its creation, the state has emphasized on improving social infrastructure through on poverty alleviation and rural development.

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More Information on Chhattisgarh

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